Category Archives: Uncategorized

Message Broker or Bus – what’s the difference?

In the process of evaluating and trialling the introduction of messaging to integrate distributed back-end services, and other apps, in our system, the question of whether we were aiming to design a Message Broker or a Message Bus arose. This led to me doing some research to verify and improve my understanding of the difference. This post is a summary of my findings.

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Improving Log Aggregation & Search for Application Services

When my team and I first took on responsibility for modernising our business’ backend application services, we found it was hard to obtain a full picture of the events that were being logged by services, in a timely manner. Logging of events are an essential source of data for monitoring how a service is operating, and also to support troubleshooting of problems e.g. the no. and rate of failed API requests, and supporting failure diagnostics. Therefore, one of the first tasks we prioritised as a (devops) team was to improve this situation by provisioning a modern log aggregation and search solution. This post outlines the problems we addressed, the architectural pattern we used as the basis of the solution, the tools we used to implement the pattern, and the resulting benefits.

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Designing message consumer error handler for Amazon SQS


When building a message consumer you need to handle the various errors that will inevitably occur during message processing. If you’re using Amazon SQS as your message broker it provides some built-in support for error handling that you can utilise. But, if you want to handle all types of errors efficiently you should also add your own custom error handler. This post explains how you can do both these things, including how to classify message processing errors.

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JSON Schema Part 2 – Automating JSON validation tests

In my first post on the topic of JSON Schema I outlined the limitations of specifying data-formats by example, described how schema languages help address this, and provided an introduction to the not so well known schema language for JSON – JSON Schema.

In that first article I stated my intention to document non-trivial JSON data-format I specified in the future using JSON Schema in addition to using specification-by-example, whether it be for an API resource or a message payload. When you adhere to this you quickly realise that while producing a JSON Schema is valuable, to increase the value you’ll additionally want to extend the tests for your JSON producing components to automate the following:

  • Test the schema remains valid – i.e. it’s well-formed and conforms to the JSON Schema spec.- in order to avoid publishing a broken or invalid schema.
  • Test your app produces JSON that conforms to the published schema. This goes beyond just asserting that the component produces an expected lump of JSON, to additionally check that the generated JSON conforms to any validation constraints in the schema.

This follow-up, second post on JSON Schema, provides example code for implementing the above such tests using Java, JUnit and an open-source library for JSON Schema Validation.

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Measuring API Throughput using JMeter

As an online business grows in popularity it can highlight scalability problems in your architecture. Certain hardware and/or software components can struggle to keep up with increased demand and it may not be easy or cost-effective to address this by extending them in their present form, especially when the demand is ‘spiky’ in nature. My team was recently faced with such an issue. We decided to engineer our way out of the problem by designing a more scalable replacement solution. Key technical requirements for the new solution included the throughput and latency of a public web API. In this post I share details of how you can measure these performance characteristics of an API using Apache JMeter, and in the process I identify a very useful supporting JMeter plugin.


JMeter – Throughput per second graph

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